To promote continued growth and root health, it’s important to know how and when to re-pot your plants. The average healthy houseplant will outgrow its container and need to be re-potted at least once in its lifetime.
How do I know if I need to re-pot?
Check for roots creeping up along the top of the soil, or seeing roots growing through the drainage holes at the bottom of the pot. This is a sign that your plant is root-bound and needs more space.
Another indication when it is time to re-pot if when watering your plants the water rushes through the pot and out the drainage hole. This shows the roots are taking up too much room in the current pot and there is not enough soil to root ratio.
Once you’ve determined your plant needs repotting, follow this step-by-step guide as I walk you through how to re-pot your plants!
Select a pot that is approximately 2” larger than the current pot that contains drainage holes with a saucer. If your new pot is larger than 2” of the original, there may be too much soil for the roots to use, causing the plant to remain too wet which can lead to root issues.
Fill the new pot one-third of the way full with fresh potting soil.
Gently slide the plant from its current pot. You may need to gently shake the plant to encourage the roots to come along. With sharp scissors or pruning shears, cut back any dead, mushy, discolored or excessively long roots. Wipe the blades with rubbing alcohol between each snip.
Place the plant in the center of the new pot, positioning the top of its root ball 1” below the pot’s top.
Fill the pot with soil to 1”-2” below its top, tamping it down around the roots.
Finally, water the plant thoroughly–until the water flows freely from the bottom of the plant.
Allow the plant to “rest” so all the water drains from the pot and then place it on its new saucer, making sure there is no puddling water.
Plant Mom Pro Tip:
It is extremely important that your new pot has a hole in the bottom for excess water to drain onto a saucer. A plant in a pot without drainage is much more susceptible to root rot and damage or death from overwatering.
Need more help?
No matter what your question is or what kind of plant you have, I am here to answer your questions and give you the encouragement you need to be the best plant parent you can be. I want to share my love and knowledge of plants with you.