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Dracaena Care

Dracaena plants vary in size, shape, and color, but all share a main characteristic–their long leaves grow outward and up from a central stalk, or cane. The canes are sturdy, lending an unexpected architectural element to the whimsical foliage.

How to care for your Dracaena

Use these instructions to care for a Dracaena. This guide will tell you how to water a Dracaena; its light, temperature, humidity preferences and any additional care it might need to help it grow.

Dracaena Colorama

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LIGHT

Your Dracaena Colorama prefers medium indirect sunlight. Brown spots on the leaves usually indicate the plant is getting too much light. Pale leaves, slow growth, and small new leaves indicate it is not getting enough light.

WATER

Overwatering causes root rot and is the main reason a Colorama plant dies. Water it well and allow the top half of the soil to dry before watering again. Brown tips on the leaves can indicate overwatering, while numerous yellow leaves mean the plant needs more water.

HUMIDITY

Your Dracaena Colorama will do well in average humidity environments but will appreciate regular misting.

TEMPERATURE

Your Dracaena likes comfortable room temperatures between 65-80 degrees. Do not allow the temperature to fall below 60 degrees.

FOOD

This plant likes to be fed every two weeks in the spring and summer with a well-balanced plant food at half the recommended strength. No food is necessary during the winter when plant growth naturally slows. Always make sure the soil is damp before applying any fertilizer.

Additional Care

Your Dracaena Colorama is sensitive to an excess of fluoride which is found in tap water and will present with brown or yellow margins of its leaves. If you do not have a filtration system, leaving the tap water in an open container overnight before watering can help remove some of the fluorides.  When the plant begins to outgrow its space you can regulate the height by cutting off the top to the desired height. The tall, bare cane looks odd for a while, but within a few weeks, new shoots appear as the foliage begins to regrow.

Toxicity

Dracaena Colorama leaves are toxic to pets and humans. Typically, ingestion will cause mouth and stomach irritation with possible vomiting.

Dracaena Jade Jewel

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LIGHT

Your Dracaena Jade Jewel prefers medium indirect sunlight but can survive in low light situations. Brown spots on the leaves or pale, bleached leaves usually indicate the plant is getting too much light. Leaves with less variegation, slow growth, and small new leaves indicate it is not getting enough light.

WATER

Water your plant thoroughly and allow the top 75% of the soil to dry before watering again. In low light, allow the soil to dry completely before watering. Water your plant less in the winter, when light levels are lower and growth has slowed. Overwatering will cause leaves to turn yellow and fall off, as well as root rot, and the eventual death of the plant.

HUMIDITY

Your Jade Jewel will do well in average humidity environments but will appreciate regular misting.  

TEMPERATURE

This plant likes average room temperatures between 65-80 degrees. They do not do well in temperatures below 55 degrees. Cold winter drafts and blowing heaters can damage the leaves.

FOOD

Dracaena Jade Jewel needs very little plant food. Feed once or twice a year in the spring and summer with a basic houseplant food diluted to half the recommended strength. Too much fertilizer will cause the leaf tips to burn. 

TOXICITY

Dracaena Jade Jewel leaves are toxic to pets and humans. Typically, ingestion will cause mouth and stomach irritation with possible vomiting. 

ADDITIONAL CARE

Look out for a common problem called ‘tipping,’ when the tips of the leaves dry out and turn brown. This can be caused by a variety of issues like overwatering or fertilizer burn. The most common cause is tap water, which contains salts, chlorine, fluoride, and other elements that may be harmful if built up in the soil. If you do not have a filtration system, leaving the tap water in an open container overnight before watering can help remove some of the chlorine and fluoride.

Dracaena Janet Craig

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LIGHT

Your Dracaena Janet Craig prefers medium indirect sunlight but can survive in low light situations. Brown spots on the leaves usually indicate the plant is getting too much light. Pale leaves, slow growth, and small new leaves indicate it is not getting enough light.

WATER

Overwatering causes root rot and is the main reason a Dracaena Janet Craig plant dies. Water your plant thoroughly and allow the top 75% of the soil to dry before watering again. In low light, allow the soil dry completely before watering. Water your plant less in the winter, when light levels are lower and growth has slowed. Overwatering will cause leaves to turn yellow and fall off.

HUMIDITY

Your Dracaena Janet Craig will do well in average humidity environments but will appreciate regular misting. 

TEMPERATURE

Your Dracaena Janet Craig likes comfortable room temperatures between 65-80 degrees. They do not do well in temperatures below 55 degrees. Cold winter drafts and blowing heaters will damage the leaves.

FOOD

Dracaena Janet Craig needs very little plant food. Feed once or twice a year in the spring and summer with a basic houseplant food at half the recommended strength. Too much fertilizer will cause the leaf tips to burn.

Additional Care

Look out for a common problem called ‘tipping’ when the tips of the leaves dry out and turn brown. This can be caused by a variety of issues like overwatering, too much fertilizer, etc. The most common cause is tap water, which contains salts, chlorine, and fluoride. If you do not have a filtration system, leaving the tap water in an open container overnight before watering can help remove some of the chlorine and fluoride.

Toxicity

Dracaena Janet Craig leaves are toxic to pets and humans. Typically, ingestion will cause mouth and stomach irritation with possible vomiting.

Dracaena Lemon Lime

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LIGHT

Your Dracaena Lemon Lime will tolerate low light but will thrive in medium to bright spots.

WATER

Water your Dracaena when it appears the pot is getting dry, about once every 7-10 days. Watering frequency will depend on the amount of light and humidity around the plant. Water the plant until water flows into the saucer, then pour out any excess.

HUMIDITY

The humidity for the Dracaena Lemon Lime is just as important as water and light requirements. Simply put, the higher the humidity, the better. Mist your plant a couple of times per week. Brown tips on the plant will signify that the humidity is too low.

TEMPERATURE

Your Dracaena prefers temperatures between 60-75 degrees.

FOOD

The Dracaena does not require much food to keep it healthy—only once every six months should suffice. However, if you want more growth, you can fertilize every other month. A general-purpose houseplant fertilizer will do nicely.

ADDITIONAL CARE

If your Dracaena becomes too tall and lanky for its designated area, just prune (cut off) the top off. After pruning, it should resprout and become bushier. Take the pruned top or tip and stick in the soil next to the mother stem and it will take root. In time, you will see another little plant begin to grow!

TOXICITY

Not toxic to humans. Moderately toxic to pets, typically causing mild mouth irritation, stomach indigestion, and possible vomiting.

Dracaena Limelight

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LIGHT

Your Dracaena Limelight will flourish in low to indirect bright light. In fact, the lower light helps maintain the dramatic lime coloring. When it resides in bright indirect light, the leaves will be a bit lighter in color. Bleached leaves indicate the plant is getting too much light.  

WATER

Overwatering causes root rot and is the main reason a Dracaena Limelight plant dies. Water your Limelight well and allow the top half of the soil to dry before watering again. Brown tips on the leaves can indicate overwatering, while numerous yellow leaves mean the plant needs more water.  

HUMIDITY

Your Dracaena Limelight will do well in average humidity environments but will appreciate regular misting.  

TEMPERATURE

Your Dracaena likes comfortable room temperatures between 65-80 degrees. 

FOOD

The Dracaena Limelight is slow-growing and does not need much fertilizer. Feed once a month in the spring and summer with a water-soluble, well-balanced plant food at half the recommended strength. No fertilizer is necessary during the winter when plant growth naturally slows. Always make sure the soil is damp before applying any fertilizer. 

Additional Care

If your Dracaena Limelight becomes too tall, you can prune the top off. Simply cut off the top with a pair of sharp pruning shears or scissors. 

Toxicity

Dracaena Limelight leaves are toxic to pets and humans. Typically, ingestion will cause mouth and stomach irritation with possible vomiting.

Dracaena Marginata Bush

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LIGHT

Your Dracaena Marginata prefers medium indirect sunlight but can survive in low light situations. Brown spots on the leaves usually indicate the plant is getting too much light. Pale leaves, slow growth, and small new leaves indicate it is not getting enough light.

WATER

Overwatering causes root rot and is the main reason a Dracaena Marginata plant dies. Water your Marginata well and allow the top 50% of the soil to dry before watering again. Brown tips on the leaves can indicate overwatering while numerous yellow leaves mean the plant needs more water.

HUMIDITY

Your Dracaena Marginata will do well in average humidity environments but will appreciate regular misting.

TEMPERATURE

Marginatas like comfortable room temperatures between 65-80 degrees.

FOOD

Dracaena Marginata plants are slow-growing and do not need much fertilizer. Feed once a month in the spring and summer with a water-soluble, well-balanced plant food at half the recommended strength. No fertilizer is necessary during the winter when plant growth naturally slows.

TOXICITY

Dracaena Marginata leaves are toxic to pets and humans. Typically, ingestion will cause mouth and stomach irritation with possible vomiting.

ADDITIONAL CARE

Look out for a common problem called ‘tipping’ when the tips of the leaves dry out and turn brown. This can be caused by a variety of issues like overwatering, too much fertilizer, etc. The most common cause is tap water, which contains salts, chlorine, and fluoride. If you do not have a filtration system, leaving the tap water in an open container overnight before watering can help remove some of the chlorine and fluoride.

Dracaena Marginata Open Weave

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LIGHT

Your Dracaena Marginata prefers medium indirect sunlight but can survive in low light situations. Brown spots on the leaves usually indicate the plant is getting too much light. Pale leaves, slow growth, and small new leaves indicate it is not getting enough light.

WATER

Overwatering causes root rot and is the main reason a Dracaena Marginata plant dies. Water your Marginata well and allow the top 50% of the soil to dry before watering again. Brown tips on the leaves can indicate overwatering while numerous yellow leaves mean the plant needs more water.

HUMIDITY

Your Dracaena Marginata will do well in average humidity environments but will appreciate regular misting.

TEMPERATURE

Marginatas like comfortable room temperatures between 65-80 degrees.

FOOD

Dracaena Marginata plants are slow-growing and do not need much fertilizer. Feed once a month in the spring and summer with a water-soluble, well-balanced plant food at half the recommended strength. No fertilizer is necessary during the winter when plant growth naturally slows.

TOXICITY

Dracaena Marginata leaves are toxic to pets and humans. Typically, ingestion will cause mouth and stomach irritation with possible vomiting.

ADDITIONAL CARE

Look out for a common problem called ‘tipping’ when the tips of the leaves dry out and turn brown. This can be caused by a variety of issues like overwatering, too much fertilizer, etc. The most common cause is tap water, which contains salts, chlorine, and fluoride. If you do not have a filtration system, leaving the tap water in an open container overnight before watering can help remove some of the chlorine and fluoride.

Dracaena Dorado

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LIGHT

Your Dracaena Dorado will do well in low to bright indirect light. Too much direct sunlight can burn and bleach the leaves.

WATER

Allow the soil of your Dracaena to dry out slightly between watering, then water thoroughly until water comes out of the drainage hole at the bottom of the pot. Discard any excess water that has collected in the saucer–your Dracaena Dorado does not like to sit in water. Too many yellow leaves mean the plant is staying too wet, and brown leaves indicate that it’s too dry. 

TEMPERATURE

Your Dracaena Dorado will thrive in average room temperatures, between 60-80 degrees. 

HUMIDITY

Your Dracaena Dorado will benefit from a light misting 1-2 times per week, especially in the winter, when the air is dry. Misting also helps keep the foliage clean and dust-free.

FOOD

Feed your Dracaena Dorado every month in the spring and summer with an all-purpose liquid fertilizer, diluted to half the recommended strength.

TOXICITY

Moderately toxic to pets, typically causing mild mouth irritation, stomach irritation, and possible vomiting.

ADDITIONAL CARE

Wipe the leaves with a soft damp cloth to remove dust as necessary. Take care to clean the undersides of the leaves as well as the upper surfaces. Removing dust opens the pores so your plant can exchange air freely, and it helps prevent pests from taking up residency.

Dracaena Warneckii

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LIGHT

Your Dracaena Warneckii prefers medium indirect light but can survive in low light. Brown spots on the leaves or pale, bleached leaves usually indicate the plant is getting too much light. Leaves with less variegation, slow growth, and small new leaves indicate it is not getting enough light.

WATER

Overwatering causes root rot and is the main reason a Dracaena plant dies. Water your plant thoroughly and allow the top 75% of the soil to dry before watering again. In low light, allow the soil to dry completely before watering. Water your plant less in the winter, when light levels are lower and growth has slowed. 

HUMIDITY

Your Dracaena Warneckii will do well in average humidity environments but will appreciate regular misting. 

TEMPERATURE

Your plant prefers room temperatures between 65-80 degrees. They do not do well in temperatures below 55 degrees. Cold winter drafts and blowing heaters can damage the leaves. 

FOOD

Your Dracaena needs very little plant food. Feed once or twice a year in the spring and summer with a basic houseplant food at half the recommended strength. 

TOXICITY

Dracaena Warneckii leaves are toxic to pets and humans. Typically, ingestion will cause mouth and stomach irritation with possible vomiting.

ADDITIONAL CARE

Look out for a common problem called ‘tipping’ when the tips of the leaves dry out and turn brown. The most common cause is tap water, which contains salts, chlorine, fluoride, and other elements that may be harmful in excess. If you do not have a filtration system, leaving tap water in an open container overnight before watering can help remove some of the chlorine and fluoride.

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What's a Dracaena?

Botanical Classification: Asparagaceae Dracaena

About

Dracaena plants vary in size, shape, and color, but all share a main characteristic–their long leaves grow outward and up from a central stalk, or cane. The canes are sturdy, lending an unexpected architectural element to the whimsical foliage.

As a Dracaena grows, it maintains its upright appearance making it perfect for blank walls, spots behind furniture or narrow corners.

Dracaenas are easy, low-maintenance indoor plants that will thrive and adapt in almost any environment.

Fun fact

NASA lists Dracaena varieties as excellent plants for removing harmful toxins from the air.

Pictured Left: Dracaena Colorama
plant mom
If you notice yellow or falling leaves on your Dracaena, this could be due to overwatering. Be sure to discard any excess water that flows into the saucer when watering.
- Plant Mom

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